What constitutes a wind turbine? You may hear a wind turbine referred to as a windmill or wind generator. The names are sometimes used interchangeably, but there are differences. A wind turbine utilizes wind power to create mechanical energy. The mechanical energy is either used as is or converted to electrical energy. A windmill uses the mechanical energy as is for pumping out water or for grinding jobs, whereas the build wind generator uses it to produce electrical energy.
Knowing the differences will help if you decide to build a wind generator of your own.
What are the different kinds of wind turbines? Wind turbines are classified into two types according to their orientation:
- Horizontal axis turbines – The turbine blades rotate along a horizontal axis.
- Vertical axis turbines – These turbine blades rotate along a vertical axis. The horizontal axis wind turbines are most commonly used. They are more functional than vertical axis turbines.
What are some of the benefits of using a wind turbine to produce electricity? Let’s look at the major benefits of a wind turbine:
- They save power: Since the wind turbines utilize a free energy, the wind, they are a very cost-effective way of generating electricity, thus helping not only save power but also produce power for the world.
- They are cost-effective: The only expense involved in installing a wind turbine is the initial cost and the cost of maintenance. The energy comes free and there is no other fuel.
- Environment-friendly: The wind turbines are environment friendly as they do not give off harmful gases or affect the environment in any way.
- Uninterrupted power supply: A wind generator helps you become independent of the the local power company. In addition, you overcome the hurdles of power outages.
What are the conditions you should think about prior to installing a wind turbine? While implementing a wind turbine is very advantageous for you and for others, you need to be careful not to set it up in the wrong conditions. Here are some things to consider before deciding to build a wind generator. These four conditions must be met:
- A minimum of one acre.
- An average wind speed of at least 11 miles per hour in your area.
- Make sure the tower and the base are sturdy. It is important to foresee the turbulence in the wind before you invest in the wind generator.
- Ensure proper tower height and distance between the generator and the cells.